WHAT WE TREAT
Physiotherapy helps restore movement and function when someone is affected by injury, illness or disability through exercise, manual therapy, education and advice.
They maintain health for people of all ages, helping patients to manage pain and prevent disease.
The profession helps to encourage development and facilitate recovery, enabling people to stay in work while helping them to remain independent for as long as possible.
Hence, Physiotherapy does the treatment of diseases, injury, deformity caused by orthopaedic, neurological, sports medicine, post-surgical cardio, pulmonary, Gynea – Obst., ENT, medical conditions, etc. by physical methods like exercises, heat, light, laser, magnetic electrotherapy treatment plan based on research and evidence based on the treatment protocol for: ALMOST ALL MEDICAL SPECIALITIES.
SPINE: CERVICAL SPINE
Why does my neck hurt?
It’s common to experience neck pain or the occasional stiff neck. We rely on the bones, muscles, and ligaments in our necks to support and allow motion in our heads. Pain in the neck area may be a result of an inflammation or injury caused by any number of activities or sudden movement. Sudden jerking of the head that results in neck pain afterward is commonly referred to as “whiplash.” Other causes for neck pain can include, but are not limited to playing sports, car accidents, falls, poor prolonged posture, and improper exercise technique. Physical therapy can be a great method of treating both acute and chronic neck pain.
Possible reasons for neck pain:
Degeneration of cervical discs
Herniated cervical disc
Ruptured or slipped disc
LOW BACK- BUTTOCK/LUMBAR- SACRAL SPINE
Why does my back hurt?
Back pain can be a result of an acute injury or may be associated with a more long-term injury or illness. There are many causes of back pain, but the most common include muscle strains, disc or facet joint irritation, as well as sacroiliac dysfunction. The symptoms from these are often very similar which makes diagnosis and treatment essential, and all can be treated effectively with physical therapy.
Symptoms of back pain:
pain or discomfort in upper back or lower back
stiffness along the spine
sharp aches in the upper back or lower back
soreness in the upper back or lower back
muscle spasms in the back
difficulty maintaining one position
Symptoms of back pain can often be felt in other areas of the body or even radiate to extremities such as arms or legs.
Possible reasons for back pain:
Degenerative disc disease
Spondylolisthesis (slipped vertebrae)
Weak core and low back muscles
Poor sitting or standing posture
Facet Joint Syndrome
LEG/ LOWER EXTREMITY
Why does my Leg/Lower Extremity hurt?
Pain in the upper leg and lower leg are common problems. Leg pain can present itself as a sharp, stabbing sensation or simply a dull ache. Sprains and strains are common causes of leg pain, often from overuse of the leg muscles during sports or other exercise. Pain in the quadriceps, groin, and hamstrings are especially common in athletes who rely on speed in their sport such as sprinters, soccer players, football players, rugby players, lacrosse players, and basketball players. Though quite common, these muscular injuries are often easily treatable by a physical therapist. Other areas in the upper leg and lower leg that are susceptible to pain are the calves, shins, and knees.
Symptoms of leg pain:
Pain when stretching or flexing thigh muscles
Broken blood vessels on leg
Bruising on the leg
Muscle spasms in the leg
Possible reasons for leg pain:
Peripheral Vascular Disease
Deep Vein Thrombosis
Blood clot in leg
Arthritis in the leg
Nerve damage in the leg
Muscle cramps (charley horse)
Acute leg injury
Slipped disc (herniated disc)
Overuse of leg muscles
Torn leg muscle
Inflamed leg tendon
Why does my hip hurt?
Hip pain is a common complaint and can be a result of many different reasons. In fact, patients will often report pain in the hips when the root cause is actually from pain in other areas of the body radiating to the hips (for instance, a hernia or groin injury). Though the hip is a resilient joint that can sustain repeated motion and usage, hip injuries often have crippling effects because nearly all body motion involves the hip joint.
Cartilage in the hip can become worn down, hip tendons can become overused, hip muscles can fatigue, and the hip bone itself can be fractured during a fall or similar injury. If you experience hip pain toward the outside area of your hip, the buttock, or thigh it can be due to injuries involving tendons, ligaments, and muscles in the hip region. Another cause of low back pain, buttock pain, hip pain or even leg pain may be attributed to dysfunction in the sacroiliac joint (SI joint). The symptoms of an SI joint dysfunction may feel very similar to pain caused by sciatica.
Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI) is a painful hip condition which is thought of as precursor to the development of hip arthritis. The underlying pathology of FAI is usually resultant from the impingement of bony incongruences at the pelvis and thigh bone. There are many varieties of FAI, but pain is usually located in the front of the hip with pronged sitting or athletic maneuvers. FAI is most commonly experienced by younger people participating in recreational or competitive athletics or dance, but can also be experienced in middle-aged population.
Symptoms of hip pain:
Pain inside the hip joint
Pain outside the hip joint
Pain in the thigh area
Pain in the buttocks area
Reduced range of motion
Pain with prolonged sitting
Pain while laying on your side
Possible reasons for hip pain:
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
Labral tear in the hip
Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI)
Why does my knee hurt?
Knee pain is very common and can have significant effects on quality of life. Both chronic and acute knee pain can hinder your ability to walk and perform everyday functions. Sitting, standing, climbing stairs, exercising, getting in and out of cars, and many other everyday activities can be affected due to knee pain. Injury, strain, or repetitive motion can be the cause of knee pain and many symptoms can result from excess swelling forming in the knee joint.
Where you actually “feel” the knee pain can vary depending on the structure that sustained damage or strain. Locating the exact spot of your knee pain will help in diagnosing the root cause and subsequent treatment. For instance, if you’re experiencing pain in your kneecap, commonly referred to as patellofemoral stress syndrome (PFS), it could be due to either poor “tracking” movement of the kneecap in the groove at the end of the thigh bone, or an inflamed tendon located at the front or side of your knee. Pain on the inside of your knee (the side closest to your other leg) could be a result of an injury to the medial meniscus or medial collateral ligament. If you’re experiencing pain on the outside of your knee, the root cause could be iliotibial band (ITB) stress, among injuries to various other structures in the knee area. Lastly, pain in the back of the knee could be a result of an injury to (or strain of) the hamstring tendons. If you are able to accurately explain your pain to doctor or physical therapist, it can help tremendously with diagnosing your knee condition.
Symptoms of knee pain:
Redness around the knee joint
Excess fluid in knees
Possible reasons for knee pain:
Patellofemoral stress syndrome
Why does my ankle hurt?
The most common cause of ankle pain is due to an ankle sprain. Sprained ankles occur when the foot exceeds its normal range of motion and as a result, the ligaments in the ankle joint stretch or tear. Ankle pain and sprains are very common, especially for athletes and anyone who is on their feet a majority of the day. Physical therapy helps to regain the range of motion lost after an ankle sprain along with strengthening the muscles, reducing pain, and ultimately helping patient return to normal activity and sport.
The most common ankle sprain occurs to the lateral (outer) side of the ankle; however, medial (inner) side sprains can happen, as well. Many people suffer subsequent ankle sprains after their initial injury to the area. The chance of reinjuring the same area with a second or third ankle sprain can be reduced with the appropriate physical therapy after the initial incident.
Symptoms of ankle pain:
Swelling in the ankle area
Stiffness in the ankle area
Instability in the ankle joint
Bruising around the ankle area
Inability to bear weight on the ankle
Burning pain in ankle
Possible reasons for ankle pain:
Achilles tendon rupture
Stress fracture in the ankle
ARM/ UPPER EXTREMITY
Why does my arm hurt?
Arm pain can be a very mild experience or an extremely painful one. Arm pain can even be life-threatening as it can be associated with symptoms of a heart attack (myocardial infarction). In instances of a heart attack, other symptoms other than arm pain may be difficulty breathing, pressure on or around the chest area, and nausea. More often, arm pain is caused by an injury to the skin, muscles, joints, or bones in the arm. Arm injuries can happen from playing sports, performing manual labour duties, repetitive overuse, trauma, and improper exercise technique.
The symptoms that can accompany arm pain will depend on the cause. They may include:
stiffness in the arm
swelling in the arm
swollen lymph nodes under the arm
tingling in the arm
numbness in the arm
a sharp pain in the arm
arm muscle weakness
pain with gripping / grasping
Other instances of arm pain can be a result of any number of factors including skin injuries, muscle strain, nerve injuries, nerve damage, joint injuries or fractures or injury of the skin, nerves, bones, joints, blood vessels, and soft tissues of the arm.
Possible reasons for arm pain:
Skin injury on the arm
Pinched nerves in the arm
Nerve damage in the arm
Rotator cuff injury
Broken bones in the arm
Rheumatoid arthritis in the arm joints
Torn tendon in the arm or bicep
Ruptured bicep tendon
Growth plate inflammation
Little League Elbow
Why does my foot hurt?
Foot pain is common, but with treatment you can eliminate your pain and lessen its impact on your quality of life. If your foot pain is mild, you may be able to ease the pain by simply choosing more comfortable, well-cushioned shoes, stretching before exercising, keeping up with foot hygiene, and maintaining a healthy weight. There are some forms of foot pain, however, that require physical therapy for adequate pain relief.
Plantar fasciitis is a form of foot pain that affects the heel and the bottom of the foot. Plantar fasciitis can feel like a stabbing pain in your foot, making it very difficult to walk properly. Sometimes the pain is stronger in the morning when you take your first steps of the day and will often decrease throughout the day. If you stand for a long time throughout the day or stand up suddenly, the foot pain from plantar fasciitis may return. Foot pain of all kind is common for runners and people who wear shoes without sufficient support. Physical therapy can help relieve foot pain and get you back to feeling like yourself again.
Symptoms of foot pain:
Pain in arch of foot
Pain in toes
Inability to walk up stairs
Pain while walking
Pain getting out of bed
Pain standing up from a seated position
Possible reasons for foot pain:
Broken toe or toes
Stress fractures in the foot
Achilles tendon rupture
Why does my shoulder hurt?
The shoulder consists of multiple joints along with muscles and tendons which to allow your arm to move freely. Considered the most mobile joint in the body, the shoulder gets its large range of motion from its bony architecture. The rotator cuff is the most commonly injured structure in the shoulder because its function is to control and stabilize motion at the joint surfaces throughout the many different positions the shoulder can achieve. Any injury to the rotator cuff can cause pain when trying to move your arm around or lift your arm above your head. Pain at night, particularly when rolling onto the affected shoulder is a hallmark of rotator cuff pathology.
Shoulder injuries can occur from a large variety of activities such as manual labour, sports, and even simple repetitive movement. Diseases of the neck, liver, heart, lungs, or gallbladder can also be disguised as pain in the shoulder. While surgery is sometimes required to treat certain conditions of the shoulder, physical therapy can be a highly effective way to treat shoulder pain.
Possible reasons for shoulder pain:
Tendon tear in the shoulder
Tendon inflammation / degeneration in the shoulder
Instability in the shoulder
Fracture or broken bone
HAND & WRIST
Why does my hand and wrist hurt?
Hand pain can result from many different causes and can be debilitating in daily life activities. The good news is that the painful symptoms associated with hand pain can be successfully treated and relieved in most instances. Hand pain can develop suddenly or may arise after years of mild, sporadic pain. In cases of hand pain, you may have a hard time making a fist, grabbing or holding on to objects, or even simply rotating your wrist.
Symptoms of hand pain:
Numbness of the hand
Pain in the thumb
Pain in the side of the wrist
Difficulty gripping / grasping
Possible reasons for hand pain:
De Quervain’s tendinitis (also known as De Quervain’s tendinosis)
Rheumatoid arthritis in the hand
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Cubital Tunnel Syndrome – Ulnar Nerve Transposition
Injuries to the extensor or flexor tendon
Fractured bones in the hand
Fractured bones in the finger(s)
NEUROLOGY & HEAD
Why does my head hurt?
At some point in life, most of us will deal with headaches and other pain under the eyes, at the top of the neck, and in our jaw. The pain can last for a few days; however, more commonly it will last for under an hour. Treatment for pain in your head depends on the root cause. The common types of headaches are cluster headaches, migraines, tension headaches, and Trigeminal Autonomic Cephalalgia.
If you have a neurological disorder or have suffered an injury that’s affected your nervous system, you may struggle with movement, balance, coordination, or even loss of function. Our physical therapists can work with you to improve your motor control, strength, flexibility, and range of motion. We’ll focus on restoring function so you can remain active and independent. Come visit one our facilities and you’ll be impressed by our compassionate staff and positive attitude. Therapists with special training in neurological disorders are available to address any impairments you may have from the following conditions:
Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy (RSD)
Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS)
Post-Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA)
Post-Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)
Possible reasons for head pain:
Trauma to the back of the head
Neck tension or tight neck muscles
Tumors in the neck
Cervical disc disease
Blood vessel pathology
Alterations in sleep schedule
Lack of sleep