Ortho physiotherapy deals with the treatment of musculoskeletal injuries and conditions such as those associated with muscle strain, sports injuries, surgical recovery or arthritis. Treatment is usually performed in an outpatient clinical setting. Orthopedic physical therapists diagnose, manage, and treat disorders and injuries of the musculoskeletal system including rehabilitation after orthopaedic surgery.Joint and spine mobilization/manipulation, therapeutic exercise, neuromuscular reducation, hot/cold packs, and electrical muscle stimulation (e.g., cryotherapy, iontophoresis, electrotherapy) are modalities often used to expedite recovery in the orthopedic setting. Additionally, an emerging adjunct to diagnosis and treatment is the use of sonography for diagnosis and to guide treatments such as muscle retraining. Those who have suffered injury or disease affecting the muscles, bones, ligaments, or tendons will benefit from assessment by a physical therapist specialized in orthopedics.